||Period of Stay
||302 B.C. – 298 B.C.
- He was the ambassador of Seleucus.
- He visited India during the supremacy of Chandragupta Maurya.
- Chandragupta was known to the Greeks as Sandrocottus.
- He was also the author of the book ‘Indica’.
- Greek Ambassador
- Come as ambassador to Bindusāra or Amitraghāta, the son and successor of Chandragupta Maurya.
- He was sent by Antiochus I (the son of Seleucus Nikator).
- Wrote “the geography of India”-which describes ancient Indian geography.
||405 A.D. – 411 A.D.
- He was a Chinese Buddhist monk.
- He visited India during the reign of Vikramaditya (Chandragupta II).
- He is known for his visit to Lumbini.
- His voyage is described in his travelogue “Record of Buddhist Kingdoms”.
- ‘Foguoji’ is one of his famous books.
||630 A.D. – 645 A.D.
- He was a Chinese traveller.
- He visited India during the supremacy of Harsha Vardhana.
- Si-yu-ki or ‘The Records of the Western World’ was written by him.
- He was a Chinese traveller.
- Visited India in connection with Buddhism.
- His work includes biographies of many important monks.
- Al-Masudi was An Arab traveller.
- In his book Muruj-al-Zahab, he has explained his journey.
|Alberuni/Abu al-Rayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni
||1024 A.D. – 1030 A.D.
- He was a Persian scholar.
- He accompanied Mahmud of Ghazni and wrote a book titled ‘Tahqiq-i-hind’.
- He is considered the father of Indology.
||1292 A.D. – 1294 A.D.
- He was a European traveller.
- He visited Southern India during the reign of Rudramma Devi of the Kakatiyas.
||1333 A.D. – 1347 A.D.
- He was a Moroccan traveller.
- He visited India during the rule of Mohammed Bin Tughlaq.
- Rihla is a book written by Ibn Batuta.
- Came from Damascus
- He gives a vivid account of India in his book “ Masalik albsar fi-mamalik al-amsar”
||1420 A.D.– 1421 A.D.
- He was an Italian merchant.
- He visited India during the reign of Deva Raya I of Vijayanagar.
- Persian traveller, Ambassador of Shahrukh of Timurid dynasty.
- Came during the rule of Devraya II of the Vijaynagar Empire.
- Stayed in India at the palace of the Zamorin of Kozhikode, Calicut
- His book entitled ‘Matla-us-Sadain wa Majma-ul-Bahrain’ described the life and events in Calicut under the Zamorin and also of the Ancient City of Vijayanagara at Hampi.
||1470- 1474 A.D.
- Russian merchant
- Visited South India
- Describes the condition of the Bahmani kingdom under Muhammad III (1463-82).
- His narrative “The journey beyond 3 seas”
- Portuguese voyager
- Stayed in India for 16 years, most of the time in Kerala and in the Vijayanagara dynasty.
- Barbosa studied Malayalam and has written about the caste culture that prevailed here as well as about social life.
- He wrote the ‘Book of Duarte Barbosa.’
|John Hughen Von Linschotten
- Dutch traveller
- Given a valuable account of the social and economic life of South India.
- Portuguese traveller.
- Visited the court of Krishnadeva Raya of the Tuluv dynasty of the Vijayanagar empire.
|Captain William Hawkins
||1608 A.D. – 1611 A.D.
- Captain William Hawkins led the first expedition of the English East India Company to India in 1609.
- He visited India during the reign of Jahangir.
- He carried a personal letter from King James I of England.
- He did not succeed in getting Jahangir’s permission to start a factory.
- Portuguese merchant
- Came during the rule of Achyutdeva Raya of the Tuluva dynasty of Vijayanagar Empire
- Wrote a history of the empire from its earliest times of the closing years of Achyutdeva Raya’s reign
||1615 A.D. – 1619 A.D.
- Sir Thomas Roe was an English diplomat.
- He visited India during the reign of Jahangir in 1615.
- He came to seek protection for an English factory at Surat.
- His “Journal of the Mission to the Mughal Empire” is a treasured contribution to the history of India.
||1656 A.D. – 1668A.D.
- He was a French physician and traveller.
- He was in India from 1656-1668
- He visited India during the reign of Shah Jahan.
- He was physician to Prince Dara Shikoh and later was attached to the court of Aurangzeb
- ‘Travels in the Mughal Empire’ was written by Francois Bernier.
- The book mainly talks about the rules of Dara Shikoh and Aurangzeb.