Mughal Paintings

Mughal paintings emerged from Persian miniature painting and developed in the court of the Mughal Empire of the 16th to 18th centuries. Painting sought whole-hearted encouragement during the Mughal period.  Contribution of Mughals in the field of painting Both Babar and Humayun were art-loving. Two artists had accompanied Humayun from Iran. But Humayun expired before … Read more

Rammohan Roy

Rammohun’s mind was set at a synthesis of the best in the East and the West in the Indian setting.  Rammohan’s Role in Modernization of India Social reform His great objective was to get better treatment for women in society.  The efforts he made for the abolition of the barbarous and inhuman custom of sati … Read more

Indus Valley Civilization (2500 B.C. to 1750 B.C.)

Indus Valley civilization developed between 2500 B.C. to 1750 B.C. as per Radio Carbon dating. Indus Civilization is also called as Harappan Civilization because the first excavated site is Harappa. It belongs to the Bronze Age . It extended from Manda (Jammu) in North to Daimabad in South. Major Settlements are in the Ghaggar-Hakra belt. … Read more

Important Ancient Inscriptions & Edicts

Inscriptions study is called epigraphy and the study of the old writing used in inscriptions and other old records is called palaeography. Inscriptions were carved on seals, stone pillars, rocks, copper plates, temple walls and bricks or images. In the country as a whole, the earliest inscriptions were recorded on stone. But in the early … Read more


Gautama Buddha and Buddhism Gautama Buddha or Siddhartha was a contemporary of Mahavira. According to tradition he was bom in 563 BC. in a Shakya kshatriya family in Lumbini in Nepal near Kapilavastu, which is identified with Piprahwa and-close to the foothills of Nepal. Gautama’s father seems to have been the elected ruler of Kapilavastu … Read more

50 Important Temples In India

Temples in India is important topic for IAS prelims exam. While studying temples in India, the focus should be- Location of the temple (town, state, river, hill), the main deity, style of architecture, a period of construction, world heritage sites, and patrons. In this article, we will cover most temples in detail.  Vijayeshwar and  Chakradhar … Read more

Ajanta Caves (2nd C. B.C. to 6th C. A.D.)

Ajanta Caves are located at 107 km from Aurangabad district of Maharashtra State, India. It is a World Heritage monument, evolved during the period from 2nd Century B.C. to 6th Century A.D. Discovery Of Ajanta Caves A British Army’s young Captain Smith was on private tiger hunting expedition in summer of 1819. As he came … Read more

History of Harshavardhana Pushyabhuti (606 to 647 CE)

Sources Two major sources of information regarding the Pushyabhuti dynasty are the Harshacharita, a prose biography written by Banabhatta, court poet of king Harshavardhana, and the account of the Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang. Story The Pushyabhutis initially had their base in the area around Sthanishvara (modern Thanesar in Punjab). The fourth king of the line was … Read more