Integrity is maintaining moral values in all circumstances, being incorruptible. Intelligence is application of mind. Without energy, desired goals can’t be achieved.
Integrity is not just a value but also the character of a person. It is manifested when a person follows his/her moral and ethical convictions and does the right thing under all conditions even if no one is watching. Integrity means you are true to your conviction. It means there is a unity in a person’s thoughts, speech, and behavior. It is a personality trait and we admire this trait because a person with this trait has a moral compass that doesn’t waver. Although integrity is a character to be developed in the citizens, it is especially required in the civil servants. According to the Maxim of Integrity “An administrator would accept an administrative action on the basis of honesty and not use his power, position and discretion to serve his personal interest and the illegitimate interests of other individuals or groups.”
Integrity is a supporting and guiding framework which aids proper decision making which depends upon intelligence and energy. However, if a person has intelligence and energy but no integrity then it is dangerous as his/ her decision making on intelligence will not be guided by integrity and would yield dangerous and dreadful results for society as a whole.
Rajat Gupta of McKinsey & Co. had knowledge, served on many boards but due to lack of integrity passed on sensitive information and was, therefore, convicted on insider trading charges. This destroyed his reputation – along with investor’s money in Galleon hedge fund.
It was a knowledgeable society that made Germany one of the most advanced industrial nations of its time but the government lacked integrity. The lack of integrity and ethics – racial arrogance, hyper nationalism – led to the holocaust and WWII.