March 12, 2021

Vedanta Philosophy
●Initially was connotation for the Upanishads comprising the Brahman Sutras and the Bhagavadgita.
●There are many schools of Vedanta including the well propagated schools of Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita, and Dvaita.
●It is a Sanskrit word meaning “end of knowledge”, a compound of two words “Veda” meaning “Knowledge” and “ Anta” meaning “End”
●Its essence is the philosophy of eternal living which leads to “Self- Realization”.

Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API)
● API and it specifies the active ingredients in the drug. Finished formulation is the method used to mix ingredients to make a particular drug.
●API produces the intended effects to cure the disease.
●APIs, also called bulk drugs, are significant ingredients in the manufacture of drugs.
●The Hubei province of China is the hub of the API manufacturing industry.

Kraft paper
●Kraft paper or paperboard produced from chemical pulp produced in the kraft process.
●Sack kraft paper, or just sack paper, is a porous kraft paper with high elasticity and high tear resistance, designed for packaging products with high demands for strength and durability.
●They are used in the manufacture of carbon box units.

Lunar Polar Exploration mission (LUPEX)
●LUPEX is a robotic lunar mission concept by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).

● This would send a lunar rover and lander to explore the south pole region of the Moon in 2024.
●JAXA is likely to provide the under-development H3 launch vehicle and the rover, while ISRO would be responsible for the lander.

Pulp and Paper Industry
●The pulp and paper industry comprises companies that use wood as raw material and produce pulp, paper, paperboard and other cellulose-based products.
●China is the world’s leading producer of paper.

INS Shardul
●INS Shardul is the lead ship of the Shardul-class amphibious warfare vessels of the Indian Navy.
●INS Shardul was deployed for Operation Samudra Setu, entered Porbandar harbour with 233 Indian Nationals onboard in the year 2020, who were earlier evacuated from Bandar Abbas port in Iran. 

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