March 16, 2021

Project RE-HAB

●Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), on Monday, launched a unique project of creating “bee-fences” to mitigate human – elephant conflicts in the country.
●The objective of Project RE-HAB (Reducing Elephant – Human Attacks using Bees) is to thwart elephant attacks in human habitations using honeybees and thus reducing loss of lives of both, humans as well as elephants


●Honey is biological substance produced by the bees, collected from
flowers or other plants secretions, and convert it into honey as their food.
●The raw honey is to be processed/ pasteurized before its use.
●Raw honey collected by extraction contains particles of wax, bee and plant bodies, pollen grains, dirt and other foreign materials, which trigger granulation and fermentation.
●Apiary Honey: Honey produced by the Indian hive bees, Apis cerana Indica and the Italian bees, Apis mellifera in apiaries and collected by the modern extraction method is called apiary honey.
●Forest Honey: Honey produced by the rockbee Apis dorsata), and Apis
florea in forests and collected by the tribal, adopting crude method of squeezing the comb, are called forest honeys.
●Forest honey is turbed due to the presence of a lot of pollen,
wax, brood and other foreign materials.


Nagarhole National Park

●Nagarhole is a national park located in Kodagu district and Mysore district in Karnataka, India.
●It is one of India’s premier Tiger Reserves along with the adjoining Bandipur Tiger Reserve and Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary.
●It is also known as Rajiv Gandhi National Park and is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. 
●The park covers located to the north-west of Bandipur National Park & Kabini reservoir separates the two parks. 
●The vegetation here consists mainly of North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests with teak and rosewood predominating in the southern parts. 
● Carnivore Animals: the Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, dhole, sloth bear and the striped hyena. 
●The herbivores are chital, sambar deer, barking deer, four-horned antelope , gaur , wild boar  and Indian elephant. 
●Melanistic leopard or “black panther” also known as the “Ghost of Kabini” is seen here.

69th Amendment Act, 1991

●The Act of Parliament was to award Delhi Statehood as the ‘Delhi National Capital Territory’.
●It designated the administrator of Delhi as the Lieutenant Governor (LG). 
●This also provided Delhi with a 70 member assembly and a 7 member ministerial council.


Great Indian Bustard

Great Indian Bustard
Great Indian Bustard

●The great Indian bustard or Indian bustard is a bustard found on the Indian subcontinent.
●This bird is among the heaviest of the flying birds. 
●Status: Listed in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection)Act, 1972, in the CMS Convention and in Appendix I of CITES, as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List.
●Males and female GIBs generally grow to the same height and weight but males have larger black crowns and a black band across the breast. 
●They breed mostly during the monsoon season when females lay a single egg on open ground.
●Males have a gular pouch, which helps produce a resonant booming mating call to attract females and can be heard up to a distance of 500 metres.
● Males play no role in the incubation and care of the young, which remain with the mother till the next breeding season.
●These birds are opportunist eaters. Their diet ranges widely depending on the seasonal availability of food. They feed on grass seeds, insects like grasshoppers and beetles, and sometimes even small rodents and reptiles.

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