Discuss several ways in which microorganisms can help in meeting the current fuel shortage.

The current fuel shortage is a global issue that is affecting many countries, including India. The shortage is caused by a combination of factors, including changes in weather patterns, inadequate maintenance of refineries and pipelines, and increased demand for fuel.  Microorganisms can help solve the fuel shortage in several ways: Bioprocessing: Microorganisms can remove impurities … Read more

Dam failures are always catastrophic, especially on the downstream side, resulting in a colossal loss of life and property. Analyze the various causes of dam failures. Give two examples of large dam failures.

A dam failure or dam burst is a catastrophic type of structural failure characterized by the sudden, rapid, and uncontrolled release of impounded water or the likelihood of such an uncontrolled release. The following are some of the impacts of dam failures on the downstream side: Loss of Life Property Damage Negative Impact on Fisheries … Read more

What is oil pollution? What are its impacts on the marine ecosystem? In what way is oil pollution particularly harmful for a country like India?

Human-caused oil pollution involves the release of liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment, especially the marine ecosystem. Land or marine oil spills can have serious social, economic, and environmental effects.  Following are some impacts of oil pollution on marine life: Fouling or Oiling: Oil destroys fur-bearing mammals’ insulation and birds’ water repellency, exposing them to … Read more

Introduce the concept of Artificial Intelligence (AI). How does Al help clinical diagnosis? Do you perceive any threat to privacy of the individual in the use of Al in healthcare?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a field of computer science that focuses on creating machines that can perform tasks that typically require human intelligence.  AI can help clinical diagnosis in several ways, as shown below: Medical image analysis: AI algorithms can analyse X-rays, MRIs, ultrasounds, CT scans, and DXAs to help healthcare providers find patterns and … Read more

(JKPSC) Our earth is a playfield of two opposite geomorphic processes. Discuss.

The earth’s surface is shaped by two geomorphic processes that are diametrically opposed: endogenic and exogenic forces. Endogenic processes are those that originate from the interior of the planet. They caused the formation of mountains, volcanoes, and other landforms. The Earth’s internal heat drives endogenic processes, causing the movement of tectonic plates and the formation … Read more

Bring out the causes for more frequent landslides in the Himalayas than in the Western Ghats.  (10mark) (150words) 

Landslides are mass movements of soil or rock along mountain slopes caused by natural or man-made factors. Studies show that more than 12 percent of the land area in the country is susceptible to landslides. Landslides incidentally are the third most deadly natural disaster on earth with $400 billion being spent annually on landslide disaster … Read more

[JKPSC] Time has come to revisit, rethink and reshape Indian Cities. Discuss. (150 words) (10)

Time has come to revisit, rethink and reshape Indian Cities. Discuss. (150 words) (10) Answer Urbanization is the process of the population shift from rural to urban areas. It is largely driven by economic growth and industrialization, leading to a concentration of population in cities. India is currently facing an unprecedented urbanization boom, with the … Read more

You are heading the rescue operations in an area affected by severe natural calamity. Thousands of people are rendered homeless and deprived of food, drinking water and other basic amenities. Rescue work has been disrupted by heavy rainfall and damage to supply routes. The local people are seething with anger against the delayed limited rescue operations. When your team reaches the affected area, the people there heckle and even assault some of the team members. One of your team members is even severely injured. Faced with this crisis, some team members plead with you to call off the operations fearing threats to their life. In such trying circumstances, what will be your response? Examine the qualities of a public servant which will be required to manage the situation. (2019)

Stakeholders In this situation, there are several key stakeholders that need to be considered. These include  the affected people in the area,  local government and police authorities,  the rescue team,  the medical staff providing aid,  NGOs and aid organizations providing assistance. Response Given the complexity of the situation, it is important to take a multi-pronged … Read more