In one of the districts of a frontier state, narcotics menace has been rampant. This has resulted in money laundering, mushrooming of poppy farming, arms smuggling and near stalling of education. The system is on the verge of collapse. The situation has been further worsened by unconfirmed reports that local politicians as well as some senior police officers are providing surreptitious patronage to the drug mafia. At that point of time a woman police officer, known for her skills in handling such situations is appointed as superintendent of police to bring the situation to normalcy. If you are the same police officer, identify the various dimensions of the crisis. Based on your understanding, suggest measures to deal with the crisis.

In India, narcotics and related crimes are on the rise, which has resulted in an increase in other connected crimes such as organised crime, smuggling, and land mafia. The case study is a textbook illustration of how to handle scenarios involving numerous facets of crimes and criminals.

Facts of case

Increased criminal activity

  • The primary challenge is to combat all forms of crime using systematic approaches. These crimes are at the root of the region’s law and order crisis, and resolving the issue needs an end to crime.
  • There is a nexus between criminals, politicians, and police officials.
  • The existence of ties between politicians, cops, and criminals complicates matters further. It now demands a multifaceted approach capable of disrupting the illicit network.

Poverty and subsistence

  • Poppy cultivation and smuggling are always commercially profitable. When such practices must be eliminated, an appropriate structure must be devised to prevent people from engaging in such activities.

Acceptability in society

  • The acceptance of such methods in society eliminates the stigma associated with illicit activity. Eliminating acceptable standards for such activities always takes a significant amount of time and effort.

Suggestions for resolving the crisis


  • The most effective strategy to eradicate this habit is to educate the area’s children. This will operate as a disincentive to illicit activity.

Economic growth

  • In this sector, industries can be established to assist in persuading people to migrate to legitimate economic activity.


  • Stigmatising these actions, particularly among women, can assist deter people from engaging in criminal activity. This can be sparked by a social boycott.

Actions against perpetrators

  • Individuals who commit such actions must be severely punished in order to instill terror in others. By diminishing criminals’ hesitation to act, dread can be fostered in them.

Exposing politicians’ and police officers’ illegal connections

  • Fear of exposure can deter politicians and cops from endorsing criminals. When the patronage ends, offenders will be less likely to do such activities in the future.

Thus, this case requires a great level of commitment to complete, as you will face pressure from higher authorities as well as organised crime syndicates to halt your operations.

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