Hathigumpha inscription

The Hathigumpha Inscription is a seventeen-line Prakrit inscription inscribed in Brahmi script in a cave called Hathigumpha near Bhubaneswar, Odisha. It was inscribed by the Jain king Kharavela of the Kalinga kingdom during the 2nd and 1st centuries BCE. The Hathigumpha Inscription contains a biographical narrative of a ruler from ancient India’s eastern area, among … Read more

What does the term ‘public servant’ mean? What are the public interest principles and procedures that civil servant must follow?

A public servant can be described as an individual who works for the state and whose main duty is associated with the welfare of the public and society. The duties include providing service to the public in the form of protection, administration, or maintenance. The following principles and procedures must be followed by public servants: … Read more

Eran inscription

Eran inscription is crucial in reconstructing the history of the Gupta Empire. The capital of Erakina (Airikina) Pradesha or Airkina Vishaya, a Gupta administrative division, was Eran or Erakina. Eran is a historic town and archaeological site in Madhya Pradesh. As demonstrated by the various coins discovered here, it was one of the oldest mints … Read more

Junagarh Inscription

Rudradaman’s Junagarh inscription is also known as Rudradaman’s Girnar rock inscription. Rudradaman I, the monarch of the Western Satraps, carved Sanskrit text on a rock. It is in Gujarat, India, near Girnar Hill, near Junagarh. The inscription was written in 150 CE. Inscriptions of Ashoka (one of fourteen Major Rock Edicts of Ashoka), Rudradaman I, … Read more

[Solved] What does ‘accountability’ mean in the context of public service? What measures can be adopted to ensure individual and collective accountability of public servants?

Accountability is the obligation of those holding power to take responsibility and be held answerable for their behavior and actions. Actions to ensure public officials’ individual and collective accountability Improve transparency about the viability of large projects: Make use of technology to digitize information relevant to important projects and set project deadlines. Clarify what citizens … Read more

[Solved] What do you understand by ‘probity’ in public life? What are the difficulties in practicing it in the present times? How can these difficulties be overcome?

Probity is synonymous with impeccably strong virtues in public life. It goes far above financial integrity or non-corrupt behaviour. Probity requires public servants to refrain from abusing their position in any way. Difficulties in practising probity in present times Morally lax environment Political pressures on civil servants Seniors’ lack of support Risks to an honest … Read more

[Solved] “Non-performance of duty by a public servant is a form of corruption”. Do you agree with this view? Justify your answer.

Public servants are expected to be dedicated to their jobs and failing to do so is considered a kind of corruption. Before concluding, the grounds for not executing the task must be considered. Arguments for: Not fulfilling duty is like hiding something from the public. Non-performance creates a sense of deceit, which is akin to … Read more

In our country, the migration of rural people to towns and cities is increasing drastically. This is causing serious problems both in the rural as well as in the urban areas. In fact, things are becoming really unmanageable. Can you analyze this problem in detail and indicate not only the socio-economic but also the emotional and attitudinal factors responsible for this problem? Also, distinctly bring out why— 1. Educated rural youth are trying to shift to urban areas; 2. Landless poor people are migrating to urban slums; 3. Even some farmers are selling off their land and trying to settle in urban areas taking up petty jobs. 4. What feasible steps can you suggest which will be effective in controlling this serious problem of our country?

The allure of the benefits provided by cities draws people from rural areas to metropolitan areas. In addition, a lack of work prospects and social mobility in rural areas draws people from the poorest strata of society to cities. There is a widespread belief that people can make fortune in larger cities, which attracts people … Read more