Post-independence India’s socio-economic and political circumstances have affected women’s status. This change was caused by government measures and women-led movements.
Kalpana Chawla, Sindhutai Sapkal, and Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw represent varied social work and professional disciplines. Sabrimala and Triple Talaq show how entrenched patriarchy is in society.
Education and government programs aren’t enough. Interventions like:
– Urbanization eases inflexible social systems. Social freedom, domestic roles, etc. It supports women’s economic and political participation. It addresses personal and family concerns.
– Gender equality must begin at home, with parents, spouses, and siblings.
– To promote women in STEM, India needs an Athena SWAN charter.
– Balancing maternity and paternity leaves helps gender equality at work.
– Police reforms must include gender inclusion. It can reduce public violence.
– Popular culture like movies like Secret Superstar or Dangal can change social attitudes.
Education and empowerment are needed to promote the feminist movement, but India’s gender equality concerns require a more fundamental and practical solution.