Laïcité and French Secularism

Laïcité is the constitutional principle of secularism in France, which discourages religious involvement in government affairs and forbids government involvement in religious affairs. It is neither a form of state atheism nor the outlawing of religion. French secularism has a long history, and the French government policy has been based on the 1905 French law … Read more

National Commission for Women

  National Commission for Women (NCW) was established in January 1992 under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990. NCW is a statutory body of the Government of India, which is mandated to review the constitutional and legal safeguards for women; recommend remedial legislative measures; facilitate redressal of grievances and advise the Government on all … Read more

Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committees

What are Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committees? Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committees are a type of committee in the Indian Parliament. They are constituted by representatives from both the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha and are appointed by the President of India. They are tasked with examining the functioning of the concerned Ministry or Department and making … Read more

Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative (CHRI)

What is Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative? Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative (CHRI) is an independent, non-partisan, international non-governmental organization. The Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative (CHRI) works for the practical realization of human rights across the Commonwealth. Where is Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative located? It is headquartered in New Delhi. What does the Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative … Read more

Commonwealth of Nations

  Commonwealth of Nations is an organization of 56 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire. It operates by intergovernmental consensus of the member states, organized through the Commonwealth Secretariat, and non-governmental organizations, organized through the Commonwealth Foundation.  Member states have no legal obligation to one another. Instead, they are united … Read more

Child stunting in India

Children are defined as stunted if their height-for-age is more than two standard deviations below the WHO Child Growth Standards median. If it is three standard deviations below it is called severe stunting.  Reasons Socio-Cultural:  Poor hygiene and inadequate sanitation: more than half of the rural population still defecates in the open making them vulnerable … Read more

Higher education system in India

Despite an increase in the number of Universities and Colleges, India has performed poorly on several higher education indices such as worldwide rankings, graduate employability, gross enrolment ratio, research publications, and so on. Issues currently faced by the higher education system in India: Lack of industry-academic collaboration and an outdated curriculum that places less focus … Read more

Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) (Amendment) Bill, 2020

The Act regulates the conditions under which a pregnancy may be aborted.  The Bill increases the time period within which abortion may be carried out. Amendments Suggested  Currently, abortion requires the opinion of one doctor if it is done within 12 weeks of conception and two doctors if it is done between 12 and 20 … Read more