Q.) “Education is just one area that has highlighted the digital divide between India’s rural and urban areas during the Covid-19 pandemic. The trend is evident everywhere.” Comment. Also, examine the various reasons behind this wide digital divide. (10mark) (150 words)

The digital divide between India’s rural and urban areas is evident everywhere — telemedicine, banking, e-commerce, e-governance, all of which became accessible only via the internet. Services such as online classrooms, financial transactions and e-governance require access to the internet as well as the ability to operate internet-enabled devices like phones, tablets and computers. However, … Read more

Child stunting in India

Children are defined as stunted if their height-for-age is more than two standard deviations below the WHO Child Growth Standards median. If it is three standard deviations below it is called severe stunting.  Reasons Socio-Cultural:  Poor hygiene and inadequate sanitation: more than half of the rural population still defecates in the open making them vulnerable … Read more

Higher education system in India

Despite an increase in the number of Universities and Colleges, India has performed poorly on several higher education indices such as worldwide rankings, graduate employability, gross enrolment ratio, research publications, and so on. Issues currently faced by the higher education system in India: Lack of industry-academic collaboration and an outdated curriculum that places less focus … Read more

Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) (Amendment) Bill, 2020

The Act regulates the conditions under which a pregnancy may be aborted.  The Bill increases the time period within which abortion may be carried out. Amendments Suggested  Currently, abortion requires the opinion of one doctor if it is done within 12 weeks of conception and two doctors if it is done between 12 and 20 … Read more

Attributes Of Public Policy

Question – What are the key attributes of public policy? Also discuss the role of informal agencies involved in public policy formulation. A public policy is a goal-oriented course of action set and implemented by government organizations and officials to achieve specified public-interest objectives or aims. Public policy issues are those that must be addressed … Read more


Hindu succession (amendment) act, 2005 This act governs property division within the Hindu undivided family. In the year 2005, Parliament amended this act. As per this amendment, daughters were allowed to have equal rights. They were made coparceners in ancestral property. A coparcener is someone who shares equally with others in inheritance. Under the Mitakshara … Read more