(JKPSC) What is net-zero and why is it important? India’s net-zero commitments must be backed by credible actions. Discuss. [250 Words] (15)

What is net-zero and why is it important? India’s net-zero commitments must be backed by credible actions. Discuss. [250 Words] (15)

Global net-zero emissions by 2050 are required to prevent warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius over pre-industrial levels, according to the IPCC.


Net-zero refers to achieving a state where the amount of human-caused greenhouse gas emissions is balanced by an equivalent amount of removal. 


  • Net-zero is necessary to stop global warming and avoid extreme weather, rising sea levels, and ecosystem changes.
  • Heatstroke, respiratory ailments, and infectious infections are all risks of climate change. Net-zero can improve public health and the earth for future generations.
  • Achieving net-zero demands a paradigm shift toward clean energy, resource efficiency, and circular economy. This can boost the economy, employment market, and quality of life.
  • Many countries have vowed to reach net-zero emissions by mid-century, after the Paris Agreement. Fulfilling these objectives and contributing to global climate change efforts requires net-zero.

Why Credible Actions Matter

  1. Effectiveness: India’s net-zero goal won’t reduce greenhouse gas emissions or mitigate climate change without real efforts.
  2. Global credibility: India’s leadership in the developing world can be strengthened by displaying net-zero initiatives.
  3. Domestic Benefits: Credible initiatives can improve air quality, energy security, and green sector economic prospects.

Principles of Credible Action

  1. India must set measurable emission targets for electricity, transportation, and industry.
  2. The government should encourage renewable energy adoption, energy efficiency, and sustainable practices through transparent rules and regulations.
  3. Renewable energy, infrastructure, and research and development investments must be made to support the net-zero economy transition.
  4. Industry, civic society, and local communities must be engaged to ensure policies are effective and meet everyone’s requirements.
  5. Monitoring and reviewing net-zero progress can help correct course and find areas for improvement.

India’s net-zero commitment has great potential to combat climate change and create a sustainable future. India can achieve a net-zero future for its citizens and environment by setting quantifiable targets, transparent regulations, enough funding, stakeholder involvement, and effective monitoring mechanisms.

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