(JKPSC) Write a note on collective memory as India’s valuable intangible heritage.

Write a note on collective memory as India’s valuable intangible heritage. [150 words] (10) Collective memory is the shared knowledge, beliefs, and practices of a particular community or society. It is an important part of India’s valuable intangible heritage, as it shapes the identity and culture of a particular group. Collective memory is often passed … Read more


Backdrop: Millets are cereal crops with high nutritive value and categorized as small-seeded grasses. The key varieties of millets include Sorghum, Pearl Millet, Ragi, Small Millet, Foxtail Millet, Barnyard Millet, Kodo Millet and others. High in dietary fiber, nutri-cereals are a powerhouse of nutrients including iron, folate, calcium, zinc, magnesium, phosphorus, copper, vitamins and antioxidants. … Read more

Gig Economy

The gig economy refers to a labor market characterized by the prevalence of short-term contracts or freelance work, as opposed to permanent jobs. Gig economy workers are typically engaged as independent contractors and are not entitled to the benefits that traditional employees receive.  Examples of Gig Economy 1. Ride-Hailing: Companies like Uber and Ola provide … Read more

Citizen’s charter

A citizen’s charter is a document that outlines an organization’s systematic attempts to meet the needs of its constituents, as well as the organization’s vision, mission, and values. It was initially formulated and implemented as a national program in 1991 in the United Kingdom. The Citizens’ Charter’s main goal is to empower citizens in terms … Read more


daily answer writing for upsc mains

In this article, we have covered strategy of Philosophical Essay for UPSC. Essay writing itself is a daunting task for many aspirants. Though the one section is somewhat easy to handle, which has topics from social, political, environmental and economic aspects; but when it comes to philosophical topics, it is a herculean task to write … Read more


In the essay paper for UPSC, which carries 250 marks there are two sections: Mostly, one section has topics from the current affairs and other has essays from philosophical background. In this article, we’ll discuss how to tackle the first section which has topics from the current events (social, economic, and political sphere) majorly. Choosing … Read more