Polity (Part 2) (Q.11 – Q.22)

Q.11) “The separation of powers theory is threatened by the functional overlap between various government organs.” Comment. (10mark) (150 words) Answer: Montesquieu propounded and explained the principle of separation of powers in his book The Spirit of the Laws (1748). SOP refers to the division of powers, authority, and responsibility among different branches (of the … Read more

Public Service Delivery In India

The goal of public services is to provide social protection to the poor and vulnerable, as well as to alleviate poverty. Public services help to reduce inequitable resource allocation and remedy past injustices such as caste prejudice and gender inequity. Main challenges to public service delivery in India Large gaps exist in the country between … Read more

Code of Ethics and a Code of Conduct

According to conduct laws, some specific activities are appropriate, while others are inappropriate. Both a Code of Ethics and a Code of Conduct are used to encourage employees to engage in certain types of behavior.  Code of ethics defines the minimum requirements for conduct, and behavioural expectations instead of specific activities. While code of conduct … Read more

Citizen’s charter

A citizen’s charter is a document that outlines an organization’s systematic attempts to meet the needs of its constituents, as well as the organization’s vision, mission, and values. It was initially formulated and implemented as a national program in 1991 in the United Kingdom. The Citizens’ Charter’s main goal is to empower citizens in terms … Read more

Right to Information Act

The term ‘information’ refers to any material in any form such as records, documents, emails, press release, circular or report, etc. related to decisions taken. Relevance of information for ethical governance ● If clean and efficient public services are to be provided to the public, information sharing has to be made proactive. ● The unethical … Read more

Daily Answer Writing- March 16, 2021

Q.282) Discuss the evolution of Basic structure doctrine. (10mark) (150words) The phrase ‘basic structure’ itself cannot be found in the Constitution. The Supreme Court recognised this concept for the first time in the historic Kesavananda Bharati case in 1973. Evolution of Basic structure doctrine The First Constitution Amendment Act, 1951 was challenged in the Shankari Prasad vs. … Read more

Daily Answer Writing- March 15, 2021

Q.280) “The Constitution of India is itself the product of the freedom struggle.” Elucidate. (10mark) (150words) The Constitution of India was adopted on November 26, 1949. The leaders of freedom struggle deliberated for nearly three years to make constitution. Product Of Freedom Struggle •Freedom fighters were demanding self governance since 1890s. •Citizenship provision (Article 5) … Read more